Albania in the World
Through the operation of thirteen embassies that the Republic of Albania has in the main capitals of the United States, Asia and Africa, such as Washington D.C, Moscow, Tokyo, Beijing, New Delhi, Ottawa, Brasilia, Cairo and others, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs keeps records of all the political and economic developments that are of interest to our country, the inventory of various agreements and international signed treaties, as well as facilitates the interstate dialogue between the respective countries while safeguarding the interests of the state and Albanian citizens wherever they may be.
The General Directorate of the Americas, Asia and Africa covers a geographical zone of 143 countries. The Republic of Albania has diplomatic relations with 113 of them. The process of establishing diplomatic relations is ongoing and continuously enriched with new connections.
Relations with the United States of America
Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Albania and the United States of America were reestablished on 15 March 1991, after an interruption of 52 years. The diplomatic relations between our two countries were first established on 28 July 1922.
According to a general overview, relations between our countries began during the early twentieth century, when U.S. President Wilson, provided the necessary support to the new Albanian state for its recognition.
Albania is grateful to the U.S. for their support in the democratization and integration processes of the country.
The two countries are NATO allies. Albania supports the ‘open doors’ policy of NATO, which serves the democratic development and good neighborly relations, as well as the increase of security and national and regional stability.
Albania gives its contribution to peacekeeping missions in Afghanistan and Iraq; It was among the first countries to join the international coalition against terrorism and ISIL under the U.S. leadership and provides an active contribution to this coalition.
Relations with the U.S. are of primary and strategic importance. The U.S. is our ally and strategic partner. The level of bilateral relations is considered excellent. These relations have reached a level of partnership. The strategic partnership with the United States represents one of the cornerstones of our foreign policy. The Albanian government is highly committed to being a firm and reliable partner of the U.S. in terms of democratic development, preservation of stability, peace and prosperity in our region and beyond, the consolidation of the market economy, the fight against terrorism, protection of human rights.
The Joint Declaration on Albania-US Strategic Partnership, signed on April 20, 2015, during the visit of Foreign Minister Ditmir Bushati in Washington, clearly reflects partnership relations between the two countries and materializes cooperation with a concrete and comprehensive calendar. This document focuses on the partnership between the two countries in three areas: partnership on global issues; partnership on regional issues and partnership on the bilateral agenda - political dialogue, security, strengthening of the rule of law in Albania, economic development, energy security as well as educational and cultural exchanges.
There is mutual desire and willingness that economic relations reach the level of political relations. There is a vast area of untapped potential for enhanced economic exchanges and increased investments in Albania.
The support that the U.S. government has provided all these years to Albania through its agencies for building institutions and the establishment of free market parameters, needs to be complemented with U.S. direct investments, especially in those priority and strategic sectors of our economy. The realization of this goal takes first-hand importance in relations with the U.S. To achieve this objective, to improve the business climate and legislation, the Government has undertaken, in a broader context, a series of legislative initiatives which have simplified procedures for starting a business, etc.
Currently, there are around 157 American businesses, or of joint Albanian-American ventures, mainly focused in the field of trade, industry and agriculture, concentrated in Tirana, Durres, Vlora (according to NRC).
In the framework of cooperation with U.S. agencies or institutions there is USAID, the Albanian-American Fund for Enterprises, the American Chamber of Commerce, etc.
There are about 27 treaties and agreements between Albania and the United States in various fields, among which, treaties in the field of justice and police, economy, transport, defense and security and in the field of culture.
The Albanian Ambassador to Washington D.C. is Floreta Faber
The United States Ambassador to Tirana is Donald Lu
RELATIONS WITH LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES
Full framework of the Bilateral Relations with Latin American Countries
From 33 independent states of Latin America (such considered, all countries south of the United States), Albania has established diplomatic relations with 25 of them.
Bilateral relations with Latin American countries are covered by the Embassy of the Republic of Albania in Brasilia (the only Embassy resident in this area), while Mexico, Panama and the Dominican Republic are covered by the Embassy of the Republic of Albania in Washington, and Cuba together with Santa Lucia by the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Albania to the UN, in New York.
It is noteworthy that the main objective of the Albanian foreign policy towards Latin American countries has been the revitalization of relationships, with a particular emphasis on economic diplomacy, focusing on countries with strong economies, on a global level. However, the level of political dialogue has experienced an increase through the expansion of the legal framework of cooperation.
BILATERAL RELATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA WITH COUNTRIES OF ASIA, MIDDLE EAST, AFRICA AND EURASIA
Albania and Asian countries aim at further intensifying their relations, by combining diplomatic activity with economic, cultural diplomacy and beyond, as well as by enhancing political dialogue on the highest level.
Embassies of the Republic of Albania in Beijing and Tokyo, provide a substantial contribution and help intensify relations between Albania and Asian countries.
For our country, it is important to collaborate with economically powerful countries and provide support through grants and donations from them in areas such as health, education, agriculture, environment, infrastructure, technology, culture, tourism, etc.
Visits of Foreign Minister Ditmir Bushati during the first half of 2015 in Japan and Singapore have given a growing impetus to these relations, by defining concrete areas of economic cooperation in the future.
The work and ongoing efforts for the recognition of Kosovo by many countries of the Asian region remains a key objective.
The boost of relations and increase of contacts with countries where they either were absent or minimal has also been very important.
Economic cooperation, parliamentary diplomacy, political consultations by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other institutions, as well as cultural exchanges are other important pillars for the consolidation of relations with countries of this region.
MIDDLE EAST, AFRICA
Diplomatic activity with countries of the Middle East and Africa relies upon the development of bilateral relations, based on respect for the principles of sovereignty and mutual interest.
Our country's policy towards the countries of the Maghreb and African countries is mainly focused on the enhancement of bilateral relations with these countries, de-escalation of tensions in the region and other contributions in the UN framework concerning natural emergencies, mainly in the Horn of Africa .
With regard to Persian Gulf countries, our country has extended its diplomatic representation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, the State of Qatar and the State of Kuwait. An important part of cooperation with these countries is the economic dimension, the promotion of Albania's potential and boost of direct business investment of these countries in the Albanian market. The Albanian policy aims to turn itself into a partner of these countries in the Balkan region.
The Middle East is one of the main highlights of this sector’s work .The main diplomatic representation centers of Albania are those of Cairo and Tel Aviv. Albania pays special attention to the peace process in the Middle East and conflict resolution in Syria.
Albania is a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and enjoys observer status at the African Union.
In the area called Eurasia, which includes mainly the states of Former Soviet Union, many independent countries were established, with which Albania has diplomatic relations. Bilateral and multilateral relations, mainly in the political, economic and cultural fields constitute the main focus of development.
Completing the legal framework of cooperation and finalizing agreements in process, constitutes one of the sector’s constant priorities.
Bilateral contacts with the Russian Federation are held based on the diplomatic consultations between senior officials of the MFAs. The economic and trade relations with Russia are at the beginning of a positive collaboration. Russia ranks among the ten main countries of Albania’s foreign trade.
There is a growing trend of political contacts with Azerbaijan, especially in recent years. It is worth mentioning the visits of the Prime Minister, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and a number of ministers from the Azeri side. There are plenty of signed agreements between the two countries and some other in process. A growing interest in intensifying cooperation has been in the field of economy, especially in the energy sector. We can mention the TAP Project, which is the winning project to transport Azeri gas to the EU.
We note a growing trend of political and diplomatic contacts also with other countries of this geopolitical area.
Relations with Canada are based on the excellent political dialogue and close partnership as NATO allies. They are also characterized by a consolidated friendship. In April 2001, the first Albanian embassy was opened in Ottawa, which gave a new impetus to the strengthening of relations between our two countries.
The year 2012 was marked by several key moments with a big impact and visibility in the reaffirmation of the excellent Albanian- Canadian relations , such as the Albanian Year in Canada on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Independence; the extensive package of activities which highlighted the great potential of friendship and ties between the two countries; the historic speech of Prime Minister Harper on Albania and Albanians, the 25thanniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations.
Holding diplomatic consultations is also an indication of the mutual will to strengthen political cooperation, in the best interest of further promoting relations and resolving issues that may arise between the parties through an open interlocution, based on arguments. The main objective in bilateral relations remains the further strengthening of economic cooperation, especially by further attracting Canadian investments in vital sectors, such as oil and gas, mining, hydro and water resource management and tourism in our country.
In the framework of deepening bilateral relations, the two countries have signed Memoranda of Understanding in various fields. Albania and Canada are making joint efforts to coordinate the advancement of the agreements in process.
The Social Security Agreement and the Agreement on the Protection and Promotion of Foreign Investments are in the process of completion. Fulfilling the legal framework will constitute a further guarantee for promoting mutual exchanges and bilateral investments.
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