Other organizations

Albania and IACA

The International Anti-Corruption Academy is a new international organisation based in Laxenburg, Austria. This is the first global institution of its kind and works for the overcoming of knowledge and practical shortcomings in the field of anti-corruption and the empowerment of experts, in order to face the challenges of tomorrow.  The Academy represents a new educational and research approach in the field of anti-corruption. It offers special courses for professionals, academic curricula, and technical support for a large range of actors. Upon the initiative of UNODC, OLAF, the Republic of Austria and other actors, IACA was transformed into an international organisation on 8 March 2011. To this day, 64 states and three international organisations have become members of IACA. Albania signed the accession agreement on 20 September 2010 and ratified it on 21 September 2011. The Albanian Government is interested in profiting as much as possible from IACA’s expertise and technical support.

 

Albania and IAEA

The International Atomic Energy Agency was created on 29 July 1957. Albania is a member since the first days. IAEA has three main organisms: the Board of Governors, the General Conference and the Secretariat. The Board of Governors is composed of 35 member states, of which 10 are permanent (countries that have advanced nuclear energy). The temporary members are elected by the General Conference every two years, according to geographical criteria. The Republic of Albania has been member of the Board of Governors from September 2007 to September 2009. The IAEA has three main directions for its activity:

Protection from radiation and safety of nuclear materials and implants

Nuclear science and technology

Nuclear inspection and verification

In 2004, IAEA created the Programme for cancer therapy, which helps countries exercise, expand and improve radiotherapy against cancer.

The cooperation between Albania and IAEA has been important and successful. The priorities of Albania are mainly linked to the use of nuclear technology in medicine for the early diagnosis of different diseases and the cure of cancer through radiation, to the protection of employees and patients from radiation, to the fight against illegal trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials. Albania and IAEA have drafted the national framework Programme, which constitutes the 5 year strategy on technical cooperation, for the period 2012-2017, in the fields of medicine, agriculture, environment, nuclear protection and security. Technical cooperation with ANEA for the period 2012-2013 was focused on three national projects and 23 regional projects, with a total amount of 1 Million Euros. For the period 2014-2015 Albania will profit from projects with an amount of 2 Million Euros, and the priority for this period will be, medicine, diagnosis and radiotherapy, monitoring of borders to prevent against illegal trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials. Albania has ratified all conventions recommended by IAEA.

In compliance with the nuclear inspection and verification, the Agency treats important issues with regards to global developments, , such as issues related to Iran, Syria and North Korea. 

 

Albania and CTBTO

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization is not established yet, because the treaty has not been ratified by states that have been defined as nuclear powers or potential nuclear power. Meanwhile, the CTBTO Preparatory Commission and the Temporary Technical Secretariat, meant to help the Commission in implementing its duties, is set in Vienna. The Preparatory Commission was created in 1996 and Albania is a member since that year. Albania has ratified the Treaty in 2003 and joins the call of the international community that asks for it to enter into force as soon as possible. The Geoscience Institution in the Polytechnic University of Tirana cooperates with the CTBTO for the project for the training of National Database Centre.

 

 

Albania and International Organization of Francophonie


The International Organization of Francophonie (IOF) brings together countries that have in common the French language and culture. It consists of 77 member countries and observers.
The IOF aims to contribute to the improvement of the lives of people by helping them to become the actors of their development. It provides support for member countries in the processing and consolidation of policies and develops its action of international policy and multilateral cooperation, in accordance with its four major missions:
•    Promotion of French language and cultural and linguistic diversity;
•    The promotion of peace, democracy and human rights;
•    Promotion of education at all stages, training and research;
•    Strengthen cooperation in the service of sustainable development.
A special attention is paid to young people and women, as well as access to information and communication technologies in all IOF’s actions.
IOF has been established in 1997, initially named the Intergovernmental Agency of the Francophonie. It succeeded the Agency of Cultural and Technical Cooperation, created in 1970.
Albania is a member of the IOF since 1997, as an observer, and since 1999, as a full rights member.

 

Albania and UNAOC


The United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) is an initiative proposed by the then Spanish Prime Minister, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, at the 59th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2005, with the support of Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The initiative seeks to galvanize international action against extremism through the forging of international, intercultural and interreligious dialogue and cooperation. The Alliance places a particular emphasis on defusing tensions between the Western and Islamic worlds
Media, youth, Education and immigration and integration are the key areas of its activity.