Other organizations

Albania and IACA

The International Anti-Corruption Academy is a new international organisation based in Laxenburg, Austria. This is the first global institution of its kind and works for the overcoming of knowledge and practical shortcomings in the field of anti-corruption and the empowerment of experts, in order to face the challenges of tomorrow.  The Academy represents a new educational and research approach in the field of anti-corruption. It offers special courses for professionals, academic curricula, and technical support for a large range of actors. Upon the initiative of UNODC, OLAF, the Republic of Austria and other actors, IACA was transformed into an international organisation on 8 March 2011. To this day, 64 states and three international organisations have become members of IACA. Albania signed the accession agreement on 20 September 2010 and ratified it on 21 September 2011. The Albanian Government is interested in profiting as much as possible from IACA’s expertise and technical support.

 

Albania and IAEA

The International Atomic Energy Agency was created on 29 July 1957. Albania is a member since the first days. IAEA has three main organisms: the Board of Governors, the General Conference and the Secretariat. The Board of Governors is composed of 35 member states, of which 10 are permanent (countries that have advanced nuclear energy). The temporary members are elected by the General Conference every two years, according to geographical criteria. The Republic of Albania has been member of the Board of Governors from September 2007 to September 2009. The IAEA has three main directions for its activity:

Protection from radiation and safety of nuclear materials and implants

Nuclear science and technology

Nuclear inspection and verification

In 2004, IAEA created the Programme for cancer therapy, which helps countries exercise, expand and improve radiotherapy against cancer.

The cooperation between Albania and IAEA has been important and successful. The priorities of Albania are mainly linked to the use of nuclear technology in medicine for the early diagnosis of different diseases and the cure of cancer through radiation, to the protection of employees and patients from radiation, to the fight against illegal trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials. Albania and IAEA have drafted the national framework Programme, which constitutes the 5 year strategy on technical cooperation, for the period 2012-2017, in the fields of medicine, agriculture, environment, nuclear protection and security. Technical cooperation with ANEA for the period 2012-2013 was focused on three national projects and 23 regional projects, with a total amount of 1 Million Euros. For the period 2014-2015 Albania will profit from projects with an amount of 2 Million Euros, and the priority for this period will be, medicine, diagnosis and radiotherapy, monitoring of borders to prevent against illegal trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials. Albania has ratified all conventions recommended by IAEA.

In compliance with the nuclear inspection and verification, the Agency treats important issues with regards to global developments, , such as issues related to Iran, Syria and North Korea. 

 

Albania and CTBTO

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization is not established yet, because the treaty has not been ratified by states that have been defined as nuclear powers or potential nuclear power. Meanwhile, the CTBTO Preparatory Commission and the Temporary Technical Secretariat, meant to help the Commission in implementing its duties, is set in Vienna. The Preparatory Commission was created in 1996 and Albania is a member since that year. Albania has ratified the Treaty in 2003 and joins the call of the international community that asks for it to enter into force as soon as possible. The Geoscience Institution in the Polytechnic University of Tirana cooperates with the CTBTO for the project for the training of National Database Centre.

 

 

Albania and International Organization of Francophonie


The International Organization of Francophonie (IOF) brings together countries that have in common the French language and culture. It consists of 77 member countries and observers.
The IOF aims to contribute to the improvement of the lives of people by helping them to become the actors of their development. It provides support for member countries in the processing and consolidation of policies and develops its action of international policy and multilateral cooperation, in accordance with its four major missions:
•    Promotion of French language and cultural and linguistic diversity;
•    The promotion of peace, democracy and human rights;
•    Promotion of education at all stages, training and research;
•    Strengthen cooperation in the service of sustainable development.
A special attention is paid to young people and women, as well as access to information and communication technologies in all IOF’s actions.
IOF has been established in 1997, initially named the Intergovernmental Agency of the Francophonie. It succeeded the Agency of Cultural and Technical Cooperation, created in 1970.
Albania is a member of the IOF since 1997, as an observer, and since 1999, as a full rights member.

 

Albania and UNAOC


The United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) is an initiative proposed by the then Spanish Prime Minister, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, at the 59th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2005, with the support of Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The initiative seeks to galvanize international action against extremism through the forging of international, intercultural and interreligious dialogue and cooperation. The Alliance places a particular emphasis on defusing tensions between the Western and Islamic worlds
Media, youth, Education and immigration and integration are the key areas of its activity.

 

 

Albania and UNESCO

Organizata e Kombeve të Bashkuara për Arsimin, Shkencën dhe Kulturën (UNESCO) është një agjenci e specializuar e OKB-së që është krijuar në vitin 1945. Ajo ka si qëllim të kontribuojë në paqen dhe sigurinë nëpërmjet promovimit të bashkëpunimit ndërkombëtar në fushat e arsimit, shkencës dhe kulturës, për të rritur respektimin universal të drejtësisë, shtetit të së drejtës dhe të drejtave të njeriut, si dhe liritë themelore të shpallura në Kartën e OKB-së. Ajo është pasardhësja e Komisionit Ndërkombëtar për Bashkëpunimin Intelektual të Ligës së Kombeve.

Marrëdhëniet e vendit tonë me UNESCO-n janë afatgjata dhe të frytshme. Që prej anëtarësimit tonë në vitin 1958, fryma e bashkëpunimit ka qenë e frytshme dhe konstante, në katër fushat e kompetencës së Organizatës, përkatësisht arsim, shkencë, kulturë e komunikim.

Në zbatim të Kushtetutës së UNESCO-s, vendi ynë ka krijuar në vitin 2000 Komisionin Kombëtar të UNESCO-s, me Kryetar Ministrin e Arsimit dhe Sekretar të Përgjithshëm pranë Ministrisë së Punëve të Jashtme.

Shqipëria është e pranishme në listat e ndryshme të UNESCO-s që promovojnë vlerat kulturore dhe zhvillimin e qëndrueshëm. Konkretisht:

  • Në Listën e Trashëgimisë Botërore vendi ynë ka regjistruar Butrintin (1992), dhe Qendrat historike të Gjirokastrës (2005) dhe Beratit (2008).
  • Në Listën e Trashëgimisë Kulturore Shpirtërore vendi ynë ka regjistruar Iso-Polifoninë (2005).
  • Në listën e Kujtesës së Botës vendi ynë ka regjistruar Kodikët e Purpurt të Beratit (2005).

Projektet në ndjekje janë: projekti për regjistrimin e pjesës shqiptare të Liqenit të Ohrit (si shtesë pjesës maqedonase) në Listën e Trashëgimisë Botërore si një sit me vlera natyrore dhe kulturore; regjistrimin e formacioneve karstike më përfaqësues në Listën e Trashëgimisë botërore si site me vlerë natyrore, në kuadër të projektit rajonal Fenomenet Karstike të Dinarideve; regjistrimin e Basenit Prespa-Ohër si rezervë ndërkufitare biosferike (së bashku me Maqedoninë) në Listën e Rezervave Biosferike të Njeriut dhe Biosferës; regjistrimin e Liqenit të Shkodrës si rezervë ndërkufitare biosferike (së bashku me Malin e Zi) në Listën e Rezerva Biosferike të Njeriut dhe Biosferës.

Gjatë punimeve të Konferencës së Përgjithshme të UNESCO-s, mbajtur në nëntor 2013, vendi ynë u zgjodh për herë të dytë anëtar i Këshillit Ekzekutiv të UNESCO-s për periudhën 2013-2017 dhe Zëvendës-President i Byrosë së Këshillit Ekzekutiv të UNESCO-s për periudhën 2013-2014.

Shqipëria është anëtare e Komitetit të Trashëgimisë Kulturore Shpirtërore për periudhën 2009-2013; e Komitetit të Larmisë së Shprehjeve Kulturore për periudhën 2009-2013; e Byrosë së Programit Ndërqeveritar për Zhvillimin e Komunikimit (IPDC) për periudhën 2009-2013, si dhe e Byrosë së Këshillit Ndërqeveritar për Programin e Menaxhimit të Transformimeve Sociale (MOST) për periudhën 2009-2013.

UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a UN specialized agency that was created in 1945. It aims to contribute to peace and security by promoting international cooperation in the fields of education, science and culture, to increase respect for universal justice, rule of law and human rights and fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the Charter of UN. It is the successor of the International Commission on Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations.
Our country's relations with UNESCO are long and productive. Since our membership in 1958, the spirit of cooperation has been fruitful and constant in the four areas of competence of the Organization, namely education, science, culture and communication.

Pursuant to the Constitution of UNESCO, our country has created in 2000 the National Commission of UNESCO, with the Minister of Education as its Chairman and the Secretary General in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Albania is present in various lists of UNESCO that promote cultural values ​​and sustainable development, specifically:

  • In the World Heritage List with Butrint (1992), and Historical centers of Gjirokastra (2005) and Berat (2008),
  • In the Intangible Cultural Heritage List, with Iso - polyphony (2005),
  • In the Memory of the World List with the Purple Codices of Berat (2005).

The ongoing projects are : the registration of the Albanian part of Lake Ohrid (as an extension of the Macedonian section) on the World Heritage List as a natural and cultural site​​; the registration of the most representative karst formations in the World Heritage List as a natural sites, in the framework of the regional project Dinaric Karst; the registration of the Basin Prespa - Ohrid as a transboundary biosphere reserve (along with Macedonia) in the biosphere reserves network of the Man and Biosphere Programme; the registration of the Skadar Lake as a transboundary biosphere reserve (along Montenegro) in the biosphere reserves network of the Man and Biosphere Programme.

During the General Conference of UNESCO, held in November 2013, was elected for the second time as member of the Executive Board for 2013 to 2017 and Vice - President of the Bureau of the Executive Board for 2013-2014.

Albania is a member of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Committee for 2009-2013, of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions Committee for 2009-2013, of the Bureau of the Intergovernmental Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) for 2009-2013, and of the Bureau of the Intergovernmental Council of the Programme for the Management of Social Transformations (MOST) for 2009-2013.