Our governmental program on foreign policy aims not only to correct past mistakes which have endangered the Euro- Atlantic future of Albania, but also to increase the quality and accelerate the pace of the integration process into the European Union, of our credibility in the region and Euro - Atlantic structures.
The basic principles guiding our foreign policy are the generally-accepted norms of international law, mutual understanding and respect among nations, respect for fundamental freedoms and human rights, good neighborly relations, regional cooperation and international solidarity. Our foreign policy will be guided by the principles of predictability, stability and continuity. The core of its mission will be to protect national interests, conflict prevention and contribute to democratic stability in the region and beyond.
Our vision is based on the strategic partnership with the United States and the European Union, the consolidated and strategic relations with our neighbors, members of the EU and NATO , such as Italy , Greece and Turkey, whose influence is irreplaceable in the Mediterranean region and the Balkans, the expansion of comprehensive cooperation with Germany and Austria, as well as encouraging the increase of bilateral exchanges with France, UK, Netherlands and Spain, strengthening ties with all other countries of the European Union and Israel, and also exchanges with relevant countries on a global level, such as China, Japan, Russia, India, Brazil.
The fulfillment of commitments as a NATO member and the EU membership process constitutes a national objective for us, decisive for the future of Albanians inside and outside the country.
The main axes of our foreign policy:
Strategic partnerships with the U.S. and the EU
Strategic partnerships with the United States and the European Union comprise two main foundations of our foreign policy. We pledge to engage in a consultative approach and intensive interaction with the U.S. and EU in bilateral and multilateral fora, in order to increase the quality and multiply the benefits of our strategic cooperation with Washington and Brussels.
The fulfillment of commitments emerging from Albania’s membership in NATO constitutes a priority for us. Military contribution to international peacekeeping and peace-building missions will be accompanied by a diplomatic and civil contribution in accordance to our capabilities.
Relations with the U.S. will deepen in all aspects of foreign policy, ranging from informational processes of analysis and those of strategic predictability, to public diplomacy. At the same time, relations with the EU will be strengthened through direct consultations with capitals of countries that play a key role in the decision-making of the European foreign policy.
Quality and pace and in the process of EU accession
Our main commitment is to obtain the candidate status and start accession negotiations with the European Union. The correct implementation of the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA), the 12 priorities identified by the EU and the absorption of the EU financial aid, remain crucial in this regard.
Our diplomatic service will be more effective in representing the European agenda of Albania in the capitals of countries that play a key role in European decision-making.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will be an important mechanism at the institutional level for identifying needs in the process of EU accession negotiations, running the external aspects of this process, while internal aspects will be coordinated by the Ministry of European Integration.
European Albania as a model of inspiration in the region: improving relations and deepening economic cooperation with neighboring countries
We believe in the European Albania as a model of inspiration and a factor of peace and democratic stability. This belief is dictated by our geostrategic responsibility as a NATO member, by the importance that the Albanian factor has acquired after the declaration of independence and the prospect of Euro- Atlantic integration, which orients the doctrine of national security in the region. The preservation and consolidation of peace and democratic stability, as well as the deepening of regional cooperation with the final goal of anchoring the Western Balkan countries into NATO and the EU, will constitute the main track where our foreign policy in the region will be oriented.
The rights of Albanians in Macedonia, Montenegro and the Presevo Valley will constitute a constant priority of our foreign policy in the region. We will aim at approaching the Cham issue in accordance with the generally accepted norms of international law and relations.
The consolidation of relations with our neighbors, members of the EU and NATO as Italy, Greece and Turkey, whose influence is irreplaceable in the Mediterranean region and the Balkans, constitutes a priority. This consolidation will rely on strategic projects for the economic recovery of our region and its connection to Europe. The main advantage in this regard will be given to energy diplomacy.
Strategic cooperation with Kosovo
The strategic cooperation with Kosovo will be in function of the economic growth, the quality of life and the acceleration of the Euro- Atlantic integration process. The presence of the two countries, Albania and Kosovo, constitutes a huge governing and administrative capacity to build a common Euro- Atlantic future. We will continue undertaking steps to help the process of further recognitions of Kosovo in the international arena.
We will sign the “Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, Good Neighborliness and Security", which will install the practice of organizing joint meetings of the government, where we will guide and monitor in depth cooperation strategies in the political, economic and social aspect.
European Albania with a new role in multilateral cooperation
Despite Albania’s membership in various international organizations, its potential is not worthily represented due to internal problems and lack of strategic vision.
We will intensify cooperation and fulfill our obligations in the framework of the United Nations, OSCE and the Council of Europe. We appreciate the cooperation with IMF, World Bank and WTO, as a chance for further enhancing economic and social development, macroeconomic consolidation and strengthening trade bridges through harmonized rules with other countries participating in these organizations.
Diplomacy in the service of economic development
Diplomatic service will be put at the service of the economic development of the country, by taking a course of initiatives in promoting Albania to foreign investors and supporting local business in the international arena. Economy and sectors with comparative advantage will be the driving force of intensifying human contacts and regional cooperation. We will give a new impetus to regional cooperation through the combination of "South-East Europe 2020" with agenda projects of “Europe 2020”, which have a direct impact on meeting the economic criteria for EU membership.
Albanians in the world
We will actively support the Albanians living and studying abroad, giving priority to countries where there is more Albanian presence. We will draw up a comprehensive policy, which includes the best reflection of the Albanian language and culture, recognizes social security contributions, provides incentives for those who wish to invest in the Albanian economy and includes the reformation of the consular service by creating special services, in accordance to the best European practices.
National security and contribution to global security
The program for defense and national security will continue to embody the standards and principles of the North Atlantic Alliance. Among its core values, national security is the foundation of a democratic development and economic growth of the country.
The reform of armed forces in line with NATO standards, will aim to increase the level of professionalism, depoliticization, dignity and integrity, turning it into an active force in the country's service and worthy of the Alliance’s standards.
The key steps for achieving these objectives will start from the institutional commitment to prepare the National Strategy Document. Not revised since 2004, this important document will be drafted in accordance with the new conditions of security environment, and based on the “New Strategic Concept “of the Alliance, 2010. After the approval of the Parliament, the government will prepare the new document on Military Strategy, in order to combine the level of national ambitions with financial resources in the field of Security, provided in the document of the Strategic Defense Review.
The government will enable a deep reform of the Armed Forces in the doctrinal, conceptual and structural viewpoint, in order to enhance professionalism, provide depoliticization of the structures and strengthen the fight against corruption.
A solid platform will be designed to increase cooperation with NATO, with member and partner countries, for a greater support in achieving the required standards and fulfilling our contribution to peacekeeping and collective defense missions headed by the Alliance.
We will draft a medium and long term plan for the development of the AAF for 2013-2020. The aim of drawing and implementing the Long-Term Development Plan will be:
To establish a new organizational structure of the Armed Forces, by gradually reducing the actual number of personnel;
To review the entire educational system, education and training of the Armed Forces, in order to prepare professional soldiers, sub-officers, officer corps and Armed Forces Staff in accordance with the needs of the new structure of this force.
Priority will be given to the realization of operational readiness of the Mechanized Infantry Battalion Group and Land Forces Special Operations Group, thereby fulfilling its NATO obligations on military capabilities, required for collective defense and peacekeeping operations.
We will revise the legal framework which regulates the activity of the Armed Forces. At the core of this work, will be the improval of the Military status, aiming at restoring their trampled dignity and increasing their confidence in the state.
The review of legal framework for improving the financial treatment of active military is a necessity for keeping and attracting qualitative human resources in the Armed Forces for the future, but also for the decent treatment of the military reserve and their release.
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